A common form of impersonation involves fake accounts or profiles designed to impersonate the victim. One form of impersonation using the Facebook platform, known as ‘fraping,’ involves someone gaining unauthorized access to the victim’s social media account, impersonating them and posting inappropriate content as the victim.
Cyberstalking is when someone uses technology to repeatedly harass, intimidate and threaten someone. Cyberstalkers may keep tabs on their victims and make attempts to meet them in person. Extreme cases of cyberstalking can also involve adults grooming teenagers to have sexual relationships with them or in some cases for the purpose of human trafficking.
Flaming is when people post derogatory comments on someone’s web or social media page or via instant messaging such as WhatsApp, emails or chat rooms. This generally occurs during an online argument, and the communication is usually filled with angry and foul language.
This type of cyberbullying involves sharing someone’s private information in order to publicly humiliate him or her. Outing can include posting photos, emails, text messages or videos online or forwarding them to other people via instant messaging apps such as WhatsApp.
Like outing, trickery involves revealing private information about another person. When someone engages in this type of cyberbullying, the person befriends someone and gains his or her trust with the specific intention of sharing that person’s private information online.
Harassment involves the constant sending of malicious, abusive or threatening messages to an individual or group online. This can be done to the victims publicly on their social media feed or via private / direct messaging.
Trolling is the most common of cyberbullying techniques. It is the deliberate act of provoking a response through the use of some type of inflammatory statements — such as using insults or inappropriate language or images online. The goal of a troll is generally to incite someone to anger hoping that the person reacts in an equally inappropriate or embarrassing way.
8. Catfishing / Impersonation
Catfishing is when someone pretends to be someone they are not and sometimes assumes another person’s identity online, sometimes including the identity of the victim. This is often done to post inappropriate content or manipulate and hurt other relationships the victim has online. A catfish uses fake photos, and sometimes a false persona, to find friends or romantic partners on the internet. This can also lead to wanting to meet face-to-face often associated with unwanted outcomes.
9. Denigration / Gossiping
This occurs when someone posts rumors and gossip about someone online. Cyberbullies use denigration in order to ruin the victim’s relationships and reputation.
Exclusion is creating groups or events and intentionally excluding someone. This can also happen by not tagging someone in a photo or inviting them to a chat group or blocking them from private social media accounts. Exclusion is often carried out in similar fashion, simultaneously, in the real world.19